Islamic University of Europe
A thousand years ago, the Islamic world was developed to a great extent while European civilizations were busy sinking in backwardness and ignorance. A deeper look into the history of science and civilization reveals that it was Muslim scholars who entrenched most of scientific literature, discoveries and inventions of the world.
In such times, Muslim scholars followed scientific and medicinal ways to operate surgical operations, where Western civilizations followed practices of magic and witchcraft for healing. Around the year 1000 CE, a Muslim doctor by the name of Abu al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi published a 1500 page illustrated encyclopedia of surgery that was used in Europe as a medical reference for the following 500 years. It is good to mention here that many modern surgical instruments are of exactly the same design as those devised by Al-Zahrawi .
Muslims also pioneered in engineering, constructing many useful mechanical instruments, examples can be found with the invention of very accurate clocks in order to establish a more accurate method for the five daily prayer timings, as the clocks developed by Al-Jazari.
Badi’al-Zaman Abū al-’Izz ibn Ismā’īl ibn al-Razāz al-Jazarī was a Muslim polymath born in what is known today as Cizre, Turkey. He is best known for al-Jāmiʿ bain al-ʿilm wa al-ʿamal al-nāfiʿ fī ṣināʿat al-ḥiyal (The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices) written in 1206 CE, where he described over 100 mechanical devices, some 80 of which are trick vessels of various kinds, along with instructions on how to construct them.
Aside from Al-Jazari’s inventions, many sophisticated tools of warfare were designed and developed by other Muslim engineers, owning the first notions of inventing rockets and even war tanks. Muslim engineers were also the first to use secret code formation. Again, it was Al-Jazari who invented the first secret code locks. What was significant during that era was the fact that Muslim scientists and scholars were reliant on methods of scientific documentation, as they used to document references in their books.