Study in European countries

SONY DSCEurope is a small continent populated by a range of small countries. Larger countries like the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Italy understandably dominate research productivity in absolute and quantitative terms. Meanwhile, several of the smaller, high-income countries such as the Netherlands, Sweden, Belgium and Switzerland are also rightly recognised for producing and exploiting their high quality research.

Other smaller countries, however, have tended to receive less attention despite being potentially as effective or even more so compared to their larger counterparts. They are nevertheless keen to demonstrate their standing relative to their size or resources. This can be achieved by linking a country’s research outputs to its relevant research inputs. In addition, further evaluation relies on normalised indicators of productivity and impact.

The trouble with many comparisons using simple input measures, such as funding, is that they do not fully capture the significant issues of research productivity, impact, and efficiency. Thus, to ensure fair comparisons, the differential levels of research intensity and research capacity between countries also need to be considered.

This is particularly relevant for a small country like Wales, with 3 million inhabitants, representing only 5% of the UK population. Of the four UK constituting countries, it has the lowest regional Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, one of the lowest levels of R&D investment—measured through the Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD)—and the lowest level of research intensity; which is measured in terms of GERD as share of GDP. Although an integral part of the UK’s research base, Wales, unlike Scotland, has lacked a formal appraisal of its own research base. Such independent assessments are important for small countries such as Wales, given that the quality of the research base is increasingly employed as an indication of a sector or country’s reputation and ability to compete successfully in the global economy.

Cornell University Press The Currency of Ideas: Monetary Politics in European Union (Cornell Studies in Political Economy)
Book (Cornell University Press)

European countries decriminalize personal use

2012-10-09 16:22:57 by Loku_POCfo_1

But still prosecute sale of hard drugs.
Dutch study explicitly says that CRACK has not made big inroads into the Netherlands.
YES the war on drugs has had unintended consequences.
YES we need to reform the laws
YES we need to decriminalize personal use and to take a MEDICAL approach to use of hard drugs.
But simply repealing ALL drugs laws -- particularly sanctions on SALE in Quantity --
is not rational.
Just because policy A has big downside consequences...
does not mean that the rational response should be a kneejerk 180 degree reversal.
It is possible to go from bad to worse.

Studies to compare declawed to intact cats

2006-01-14 21:23:37 by butminearedeclawed

There are numerous studies that prove that declawing does not create behavioral problems.
To quote:
In numerous studies to date, declawing has been shown to cause no increase in behavior problems. Declawed cats were no more likely to bite than clawed cats (12) and no more likely to soil (10,11,14). In a study of 276 cat owners, declawing successfully met or surpassed the owner’s expectations in all cases.(4) There was 96% owner satisfaction and over 70% of cat owners indicated that there was an improvement in the cat-owner relationship

David Duke Banned From 26 European Countries

2013-12-06 17:41:48 by cossack67

>>MILAN - An Italian court has ruled in favour of the expulsion of ex-Ku Klux
>>Klan leader and former Louisiana politician David Duke from Italy, where he
>>had been living for a year and a half, local police said on Thursday.
>
>>Duke, 63, moved to the Valle di Cadore mountain village after being granted
>>a visa to study and write there by the Italian embassy in Malta, said
>>Luciano Meneghetti, deputy police chief in the northern Italian province of
>>Belluno.
>
>>Italian police subsequently found that Switzerland had issued in 2009 a
>>travel and residence ban against Duke valid throughout the entire Schengen
>>area, a group of 26...

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The MIT Press Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)
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Industrial Competitiveness and Restructuring in Enlarged Europe: How Accession Countries Catch Up and Integrate in the European Union (Studies in Economic Transition)
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